July 1, 2021

Water treatment focuses on different operations seeking to eliminate contamination and other non-desirable characteristics. It is increasingly necessary because of the water shortages around the world. 

Culligan commercial water treatment focuses on finding solutions to the most common issues in water treatment. You are likely to come across the same list of water treatment problems anywhere in the world. However, regardless of the water treatment problem, there are several solutions to improve your water quality. This article looks at common water treatment problems and the brilliant ways to overcome them. It shows effective ways of overcoming these challenges encountered in water treatment.

  • Bacteria Control

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One solution to water treatment problems is to control bacteria growth in the water treatment systems. In most cases, the bacteria grows when there are no control solutions. Warm water, low flow rate, and presence of bacterial food sources can also encourage bacteria growth that affects the water systems. For example, micro-organisms feed on organic compounds and breed in temperatures between 30 and 40 degrees. They grow best when there is a constant supply of food because of a low flow rate.

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Bacteria control is one of the famous water treatment problems. Use water softeners to protect pipes and plumbing fixtures from calcium and magnesium deposits. You can also use an ion exchange process to reduce hardness in the water and remove iron and manganese. There are other bacteria control measures and filters that reduce the scale build-up in pipes.

Nano and reverse osmosis strategies can also help remove the bacteria during water treatment. The methods can eliminate contaminants from the water supply and prevent bacteria growth. For example, use oxidizing agents such as chlorine to kill microorganisms or UV bacterial disinfectants to control bacteria in the water treatment facility. Increasing water flow rates reduces bacteria growth because of the sheer water force in the fixtures. Also, pass the feed-water through an activated water softener to remove oxidizing agents.

  • Staff Training


Training is a crafty way to overcome most water treatment problems. Without training, your employees will not handle complex aspects of the system. Most employees are trained in small sectors such as reverse osmosis systems without touching on the comprehensive issues. However, they need extensive personnel training at every level to manage large working systems in water treatment.

Train your workers on the subject, such as mechanical failure, membrane fouling, scaling, and bacteria control. Without expert training, your team may not handle most problems in water treatment.

Advanced training allows employees to troubleshoot complex problems before they occur. They should know how to identify issues by monitoring various parameters. Also, your team should understand preventive maintenance procedures and determine how each piece of the water treatment equipment works.

Inefficient operations due to a lack of skills cause many problems in water treatment plants in certain areas. Systematically trained staff can reduce these problems by understanding the complex aspects. The staff members and personnel should have advanced knowledge on all water treatment issues to provide on-the-job support. It increases the chances of identifying and solving problems before they erupt.

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Rather than relying on equipment suppliers for expert knowledge, focus on training your in-house employee. The high-level expert training can equip them with knowledge on identifying mechanical and instrument failures in the water system. They can also handle complex chemical and bacterial problems in the system.

  • Regular Maintenance

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One of the best ways to overcome problems in water treatment is through continual maintenance in the purification systems. Maintenance can be crucial in reducing the scaling inside the system. It can also prolong the membrane life in water systems and ensure it stays in good condition.

Most water treatment problems occur with poor maintenance or a lack of regular system checkups. It results in a build-up of chemicals and compounds that can cause membrane fouling. Also, this poor maintenance can increase the costs of repairing the system once it breaks down.

Therefore, perform regular maintenance schedules to check and change the pre-filtration cartridges and bags. It assures the best condition of the membrane and prolongs its life within the system.

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  • Monitoring and record-keeping

Not all water treatment systems have the instrumentation to check all the parameters. Hence, you need to monitor and keep records of the water treatment system to catch problems earlier. It allows you to see patterns and plan preventative procedures. Record the data weekly and place it on a graph to see emerging patterns.

Apart from regular maintenance, monitoring and record-keeping allow you to catch the problems at their preventable and reversible stages. The water treatment system cannot operate on its own nor look after itself. Even with excellent feed water and membrane unit, you still need to monitor several parameters. For example, observe the pressure against each stage, UV intensity, and the silt density index.

There should be facilities monitoring and recording data on the membrane unit’s performance now compared to how it was when it was new. Also, consider changes in flow rate, temperatures, operating pressures, and salt concentration. It helps know whether there is damage to the membrane. High membrane fouling reduces the space for water to travel, causing the water pressure to drop.

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The Bottom Line

You can solve most water treatment problems through top-quality commercial water treatment systems, and expert facility management. The correct management of bacteria, excellent monitoring, staff training, and regular maintenance can help overcome most issues. Through expert facility management, you can avoid significant damage to the water system and overcome financial costs.

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